Every year Congress asks the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to submit a series of reports on various matters of concern. In an effort to provide a maximum of transparency to the general public, these reports are now being made available at this web site.

The following reports are in PDF format. Please download and install Adobe Reader to view.

Food For Peace Internal Transportation, Storage, and Handling (ITSH) Costs

Pursuant to House Report 114-531, which accompanied H.R. 5054, the Department of Agriculture Appropriations Act, 2017, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is pleased to submit this report, which outlines how USAID defines and uses Internal Transportation, Storage, and Handling (ITSH) costs within programs funded by Title II of the Food for Peace Act.

The Committee directs the Department and USAID to provide a clear definition of these costs, how they are incurred, and how they differ from Inland Freight Costs. The Committee is concerned that these costs have increased significantly in recent years and seeks to understand the causes. The Committee also directs USAID to identify whether local and regional purchases, cash, and vouchers are counted as a part of these costs. USAID is directed to provide this information within 60 days of enactment of this Act.

Definition of ITSH and Inland Freight costs

Sections 406 and 407(c)(1)(B) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. §1736 & §1736a) provides the authority to pay for the associated costs for the movement of Title II commodities, including internal transportation, storage, handling, inland freight, and other incidental costs. Consistent with this authority, USAID outlines its definitions for ITSH and Inland Freight costs in the annual International Food Assistance Report and the Food for Peace Information Bulletin (FFPIB) 14-01.  The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has complementary definitions for its programs, consistent with the activities it supports:

  • USAID defines Inland Freight costs as costs required to move commodities through the transit country in the case of landlocked countries, or instances in which commodities cannot be delivered to a port in the destination country because of conflict or natural disaster.  Inland Freight funds are awarded for transport from the discharge port to the extended delivery point (the first warehouse) or designated point(s) of entry (the border crossing) within the destination country.  Inland Freight costs represent a subset of ITSH; however, USAID is required to track and report on Inland Freight costs separately from ITSH costs because of the reporting requirements outlined in the Food for Peace Act.
  • USDA defines Inland Freight costs as the transportation costs from port of discharge to the implementing partner’s designated warehouse, which is either at a port or, in the case of a landlocked country, the border.  This cost includes everything from the transport of the commodities from the designated discharge port to the identified initial storage site and stacking the commodities in a designated warehouse.
  • USAID defines ITSH costs as the direct program costs of a Title II emergency program or a non-emergency program in a Least Developed Country (LDC) associated with the in-country movement, management and monitoring of Title II U.S. agricultural commodities necessary for distribution, and in direct support of eligible Title II activities.
  • USDA defines ITSH costs as the costs of transporting commodities from the implementing partner’s warehouse (at the port or border) to each school’s storage site, unloading and storing the commodities at the school warehouse, and handling and distributing the commodities from the school’s warehouse to the designated school.[1]

[1] USDA incurs ITSH costs in the course of administering its McGovern Dole Food for Education Program.

Tuesday, September 12, 2017 - 10:30am

USAID manages a diverse portfolio of projects that conserve biodiversity and sustain forests while advancing development, particularly for vulnerable people who rely on natural resources for their livelihoods. This annual report summarizes the Agency's work in the sector and its importance to human well-being, highlighting discrete and cumulative results in fiscal year (FY) 2015, and how FY 2015 funds were allocated for work in FY 2016.

USAID invested $250 million in FY 2015 funds toward biodiversity conservation in about 50 countries, with approximately 57 percent of funds going to our 12 highest priority countries and regions.  About a quarter of FY 2015 funds were programmed to address wildlife crime in about 25 countries, primarily to build capacity of law enforcement to deter, detect and disrupt poaching and wildlife trafficking, reduce demand for wildlife and wildlife products, and foster international coordination in solving these challenges.  USAID forestry programming totaled $140 million in about 40 countries, of which $138 million was focused on tropical forests. The vast majority of forestry activities advanced biodiversity conservation or climate change mitigation objectives.

Agency programs had a substantial impact and reach in FY 2015, improving natural resource management across 75 million hectares of biologically significant area, about the size of Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota combined. About 100,000 people received training in support of improved natural resources management and/or biodiversity conservation, and at least 800,000 people received a tangible economic benefit from conservation enterprises or sustainable use.

A selection of notable results and three in-depth profiles serve to illustrate major approaches used by USAID and its partners and the role of conservation in transformational development. Profiles are:

  • Protecting Tigers with Project Predator
  • Adding it Up: Economic Tools to Improve Infrastructure Planning and Conserve Biodiversity
  • Forest Legality Alliance: Tackling Illegal Logging "From Seed to Song"

Additional USAID reports on biodiversity and/or forestry programs are available at: www.usaid.gov/biodiversity/impact/annual-reports

Thursday, September 1, 2016 - 2:00am

In 2015, the global community established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and celebrated gains in reducing maternal, newborn, and child mortality. However, the vision of a world where all countries achieve under-5 mortality rates on par with industrialized countries is not guaranteed. Research played a pivotal role in the establishment of key milestones that will be critical to achieving newly outlined goals. In the words of President Barack Obama,“Science is more essential for our prosperity, our security, our health, our environment, and our quality of life than it has ever been before … our obligations as Americans are not just to ourselves but to all posterity.”

I am pleased to introduce the U.S.Agency for International Development’s (USAID’s) 2015 Health-Related Research and Development Progress Report. Guided by a multi-year health-related research strategy and specific research goals, USAID’s research and development portfolio continues to answer President Barack Obama’s call through its investments in scientific research, technology, and innovation. USAID’s work provides the evidence base for the introduction and scale-up of simple and affordable health interventions to improve the lives of families in the poorest nations.The fact that we can define our goals in terms of Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths,Achieving an AIDS-Free Generation, and Protecting Communities from Infectious Diseases is a testament to the significant progress that has been made.The momentum that has carried us this far must be sustained, and we must continue to recognize the importance of a systematic approach to research, innovation, and research utilization in achieving this vision.

USAID uses scientific research to help build the capacity of health systems around the world to prepare for, identify, and respond to public health emergencies. Disease outbreaks in 2015 emphasized the importance of strong health systems – the absence of which can result in the rapid spread of infectious diseases such as Ebola and Zika. USAID’s work with the international community and local partners to fight Ebola demonstrated the necessity of increasing global collaboration.Through Fighting Ebola:A Grand Challenge for Development – a partnership with the whole of U.S. Government, including USAID, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Defense – solutions for healthcare workers, such as new personal protective equipment, were developed that are safer, more comfortable, and help facilitate provision of care. We used a rigorous process of evidence-generation to help end the epidemic, restore primary health services, and bolster health systems to prevent future outbreaks from becoming global threats.

Additionally as a result of USAID support, advances in combating malaria with two new drugs are in the final stages of clinical trials – offering potential alternatives to current therapies, which are beginning to be threatened by antimicrobial resistance. Progress continues on developing a range of options for women-initiated tools for HIV prevention, including support for a pivotal study of the dapivirine vaginal ring. Investments directed at strengthening national TB strategies and programs have helped enable access to new and improved drug therapies in countries with the highest rates of TB, drug-resistant TB, and HIV-associated TB.Through global collaborations, advancements in the field of implementation research have helped enable the generation of new knowledge to improve implementation, scale-up, and overall health status. Finally, our experience in partnering with the private sector has enabled us to better mobilize resources, broaden our design efforts, and strengthen implementation for more effective outcomes in host countries.

Advances in health research and innovation are the building blocks for public health and economic growth. If we are to achieve our public health goals, we must continue to invest in and support research and development, introduction, and scale-up of breakthrough tools, technologies, and interventions.The challenge before us is to sustain and expand the progress and achievements that have led to saving and improving millions of lives around the world.

Monday, May 16, 2016 - 8:45am

Fiscal Year 2016

Fiscal Year 2015

Fiscal Year 2014

Fiscal Year 2013

Fiscal Year 2012

Fiscal Year 2011

Fiscal Year 2010

Fiscal Year 2009

Fiscal Year 2008

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