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Agriculture and Food Security

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Turkmenistan calf
This three-day-old male calf was produced through the artificial insemination trainings conducted by USAID’s Agriculture Technology Program.

Eighty percent of Turkmenistan is covered by the Karakum Desert, with dunes rising to the Kopet Dag Mountains in the south along the border with Iran. Turkmenistan is an important supplier of raw materials, especially natural gas, petroleum products, and raw cotton. Turkmenistan is the second-largest cotton producer in the former Soviet Union after Uzbekistan; annual production is over half a million tons. However, the crop yield has been steadily declining since independence due to poor irrigation and management practices.

USAID supports the profitability of private farmers working in the horticulture and livestock sectors. USAID programs improve the productivity of livestock, both dairy cattle and meat-producing stock, by offering technical assistance to livestock producers to breed healthier, more productive cattle. USAID provides training to veterinary experts on how to improve animal health through modern feeding programs and disease protection. We also prioritize greenhouse horticulture, helping high-value fruit and vegetable growers, processors, and marketing specialists connect with local and international markets.