Flag of Kenya

Fact Sheets

This is a listing of our current activities in Kenya. You can navigate to the fact sheet section below using the following links:

Agriculture and Food Security

Kenya Agricultural Value Chains Enterprises Project

The Kenya Agricultural Value Chains Enterprises Project is the flagship Feed the Future Initiative project in Kenya.  The project will promote value chain growth and diversification, increase the productivity and incomes of smallholder farmers and other actors along the value chain working in the dairy, maize and other staples and horticulture sectors. The project will work with more than 30 Kenyan government and private sector organizations. The project develops smallholder enterprises that combine maize, high value horticultural crops, and dairy farming to generate wealth, thereby enhancing food security, improving nutrition, and increasing economic opportunities for women, youth and other vulnerable populations. Engagement with the private sector in a meaningful, comprehensive way will ensure the sustainability of the project’s work.

Kenya Feed the Future Innovation Engine

The Kenya Feed the Future Innovation Engine identifies, fosters, and brings to scale innovative market-driven solutions to persistent food insecurity, under-nutrition and poverty. The Innovation Engine seeks to partner with entrepreneurs who design new concepts, products and services to maximize their commercial potential, as well as nutritional and livelihoods benefits to the targeted communities. The Innovation Engine supports experimentation and rewards proven successes that represent game-changing approaches for thousands of Kenyan families.

Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development

Kenya RAPID is a five-year development program bringing together public and private institutions and communities, to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem.

Partnership for Resilience and Economic Growth (PREG)

Kenyan counties in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) have suffered recurrent drought, human conflict, and a legacy of marginalization by government and international investments. The Partnership for Resilience and Economic Growth in Kenya (PREG) brings together humanitarian and development partners to build resilience among vulnerable pastoralist communities in northern Kenya. It includes both USAID programs and implementing partners. USAID PREG works with the Kenya National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) and county governments to coordinate resilience and economic growth activities.

Resilience and Economic Growth in Arid Lands - Accelerated Growth

Resilience and Economic Growth in Arid Lands – Accelerated Growth aims to increase economic resilience among pastoral communities in Kenya’s arid counties by strengthening the livestock value chain. The activity will foster more sustainable management of natural resources, address issues related to governance of grazing land, water and other natural resources help mitigate conflicts, and allow for diversification of the livelihoods of pastoralists. Interventions will target actors at all levels of the value chain—from livestock keepers to middlemen, traders, transporters and buyers— in order to improve incomes and stimulate growth.

Resilience and Economic Growth in Arid Lands – Improving Resilience

Part of the U.S. Government’s Feed the Future Initiative, Resilience and Economic Growth in Arid Lands – Improving Resilience is reducing hunger and poverty, increasing resilience and social stability, and building a foundation for economic growth among pastoral communities in Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands. It unites humanitarian and development assistance to build resilience and expand economic opportunities in the arid lands through disaster risk and conflict reduction, natural resource management, and strengthening of livestock and other sectors.

Tegemeo Agricultural Policy Research and Analysis

Tegemeo Institute conducts policy research and analysis in agriculture, rural development, natural resources and environment. The Institute aims to address micro and macroeconomic policy issues that affect farming, processing, marketing, and trade of agricultural products and inputs. Tegemeo Institute undertakes empirical research and analysis on topical agricultural policy issues and promotes policy dialogue and advocacy via the dissemination of various research findings to stakeholders, including government, development agencies, civil society and the private sector. The Institute impacts on livelihoods by influencing the formulation and preparation of policies that affect food security and poverty.  USAID supports the Tegemeo Agricultural Policy Research and Analysis II Program, which aims to inform and influence policies and development interventions focused on short- and long-term improvement in agricultural productivity, incomes and food security.

Democracy, Governance and Conflict

Countering Violent Extremism (Kenya, Somalia and East Africa)

USAID recognizes the critical role of development in addressing social, economic, governance and other factors that can drive violent extremism or radicalize individuals and communities. Countering violent extremism (CVE) is central to achieving USAID’s mission to end extreme poverty and promote resilient, democratic societies while advancing our shared security and prosperity. We coordinate closely with the State Department and other U.S. Government entities on this issue.

Agile Harmonized Assistance for Devolved Institutions (AHADI)

With the adoption of the 2010 Constitution, Kenya set itself on a path towards devolution, introducing a new system of governance that includes 47 county governments with governors and legislatures. The purpose of AHADI is to support Kenya’s vision and agenda for achieving the promise of devolution.  AHADI aims to promote governance systems that are transparent, accountable, effective in service delivery, and responsive to empowered citizens by working at both the national and county government levels.


Shiriki, which means “participate” in Kiswahili, works through civil society organizations (CSOs) to increase citizens’ participation in local government. The activity helps selected organizations become more transparent in their operations, widen their coverage and engage more productively with citizens.

Strengthening Community Resilience Against Extremism (SCORE) 

SCORE is a capacity-building activity for civil-society organizations (CSOs) working on conflict and countering violent extremism (CVE) in the six counties on the Kenyan coastal region.

U.S. Government Assistance to Kenya Elections 2017

Free, fair, credible and peaceful Kenyan elections in 2017 is one of the highest foreign policy priorities for the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi.  The U.S. Government has established programs to support the government and people of Kenya in realizing this goal.

Economic Growth

Fact Sheet: Economic Growth

USAID is working with the Government and people of Kenya to lay the foundation for inclusive, market-driven economic growth, in line with Kenya’s Vision 2030, the country’s long-term development plan. Our activities are increasing agricultural productivity and incomes for smallholder farmers, building more resilient communities, improving access to clean water and energy, increasing access to affordable financing for farmers, entrepreneurs and businesses, and improving the overall business environment to attract private investment.


Africa and Kenya in particular, has become a center for innovation and entrepreneurship. Kenya is a world leader in mobile-money, driven in part by the market leader, M-PESA.  Second generation mobile money driven innovations in Kenya such as the mobile microfinance service M-SHWARI and “pay-as-you-go” home solar systems from M-KOPA show the potential of mobile money to break down barriers to development.  Kenya is on the frontlines of innovation more broadly, with creative entrepreneurship incubation spaces such as “iHub,” and companies like Google, IBM, and Intel strengthening operations in Nairobi.  In July 2015, the Kenyan and United States governments will co-sponsor the sixth annual Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Nairobi. The 2015 summit will focus on generating new investments in entrepreneurs, particularly women and young entrepreneurs. 

Education and Youth

Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-Free, Mentored and Safe (DREAMS)

DREAMS is an ambitious partnership to reduce HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women in Kenya and address the challenges that they face every day. The goal of DREAMS is to help girls lead Determined, Resilient,Empowered AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe lives.

Generation Kenya

Generation Kenya is impacting a generation of young people in Kenya through an innovative employment training model that closes the gap between young people who are out of work and employers who are short of skilled employees.

Global Give Back Circle 

The Global Give Back Circle is an innovative education, empowerment, and employment transition program for disadvantaged girls in Kenya. The three core goals are to transition each girl to become empowered, selfless and capable.

Kenya Youth Employment and Skills Program (K-YES)

The Kenya Youth Employment and Skills Program (K-YES) will give motivated but disenfranchised youth the skills and support they need to compete and succeed in the workplace. Skills and vocational training that are designed in coordination with local industry and the private sector will create pathways to employment.

Tusome Early Grade Reading Activity

The Tusome (“Let’s Read” in Kiswahili) Early Grade Reading activity is a flagship partnership launched in 2015 between USAID and Kenya's Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology. Tusome, now being implemented through Ministry systems in every primary school in the country, will improve the reading skills of 5.4 million pupils. 

Wings to Fly

Wings to Fly is a public-private partnership between USAID, Equity Group Foundation, Mastercard Foundation, UKaid, and KfW. The project provides full scholarships that include tuition, room, and board to enable academically gifted but economically disadvantaged and vulnerable children to pursue secondary and tertiary education. The selected young people also receive leadership training, career guidance, and personal mentoring to help them maximize their potential.


Countering Wildlife Crime

As demand for products like elephant ivory and rhino horn continues to rise and poaching methods become increasingly sophisticated, wildlife crime threatens the security, economy and biodiversity of East Africa. International networks for poaching, transit and sale of illegal wildlife products target wildlife populations across borders, creating a complex problem that transcends national boundaries. Kenya is currently the number one transit country for illegal wildlife products from Africa. In line with the U.S. National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking, USAID is taking urgent action to enhance wildlife management and the enforcement and prosecution of wildlife crime in East Africa.

USAID and Department of Interior Inter-agency Agreement to Support Wildlife Conservation and Combat Wildlife Crime

Wildlife crimes threaten the security, economy and biodiversity of East Africa. Demand for elephant ivory, rhino horn, and pangolin meat and scales continues to rise as poaching methods become increasingly sophisticated. International networks that poach, move and sell illegal wildlife products target wildlife populations across borders, creating a complex problem that transcends national boundaries. East Africa has emerged as a global hub for illegal wildlife trafficking and environmental crime in a black market that generates up to $213 billion each year. To address this complex problem, USAID established the first U.S. interagency agreement in the world to combat wildlife trafficking – the Partnership to End Wildlife Trafficking in East Africa. This agreement with the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) is a comprehensive program to enhance wildlife management and protection in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

Community Conservancies Seed Grant Program in Maasai Mara

The Maasai Mara ecosystem is home to the iconic wildlife migration in Africa, a world-renowned tourist destination and a critical ecosystem for tourism and wildlife conservation in Kenya. With only 26% of the ecosystem under government protection, private and community land is becoming important for conservation efforts through the conservancy model. USAID, in collaboration with the The Nature Conservancy and the Maasai Mara Wildlife Conservation Association, is supporting enhanced biodiversity conservation in conservancies and private lands adjacent to the protected Maasai Mara National Reserve. This will increase employment opportunities for the local communities and income diversification among all conservancy members whose main livelihoods are anchored on a healthy ecosystem. A healthy ecosystem will guarantee biodiversity and wildlife conservation and the prosperity of the Maasai population as well as promoting recreation and revenue generation through the tourism industry for Kenya.

Community Conservancy Policy Support and Implementation Program

Kenya’s globally significant eco-regions are facing direct threats. Insecure land and resource rights, poor land-use planning, weak governance systems, human-wildlife conflicts, lack of conservation incentives, limited inclusion of women and youth, and vulnerability to climate shocks are among the underlying drivers of these threats to biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being. Conservation of these eco-regions relies not only on government-managed protected areas but also on conservation on private and community lands. With support from USAID, the Community Policy Support and Implementation Program, implemented by The Nature Conservancy and Kenya Wildlife Conservancies Association, facilitates communities and landowners’ participation in policy review processes and better access to policy information and incentives. The program seeks to address policy barriers inhibiting development of conservancies by promoting a supportive legal environment that encourages sustainable and beneficial conservation.

Kenya Wildlife Protection and Conservation Program

The wildlife sector in Kenya is facing extreme pressure through habitat fragmentation and degradation, encroachment, and wildlife crime including poaching. The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) is a State Corporation whose overall mandate is to conserve and manage wildlife in Kenya. Inadequate financing for KWS operations, limited capacity of technical staff, and insufficient equipment puts additional pressure on KWS to fulfill its mandate. The Kenya Wildlife Protection and Conservation Program builds on the gains made over the years by KWS in protecting wildlife while also addressing new strategic priorities. 

Resilient Community Conservancies Program

The Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT) partners with local communities to build peace and improve livelihoods through conservation. Formed in 2004 by the Lewa Conservancy with support from USAID, NRT brings together local pastoralist communities with land owners and the Government of Kenya to promote the long-term conservation of wildlife in Kenya’s northern rangelands. At present, NRT oversees 33 community-owned and managed conservancies covering nearly 44,000 square kilometers. NRT works to improve the lives and livelihoods of more than 480,000 residents from 15 different ethnic groups spread over eleven counties in one of Kenya’s major wildlife migration corridors. The Climate Resilient Community Conservancies Program is a five-year program designed to scale up support to NRT’s existing community conservancies in northern and coastal Kenya and strategically support new conservancies.

Low Emissions Climate Resilient Development

USAID Kenya, in partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), supports Kenya’s efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the growth of greenhouse gas emissions.  With leadership from Kenya’s Ministry of Environment Water and Natural Resources, the activity facilitates the implementation of the National Climate Change Action Plan in collaboration with the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum, Ministry of Planning and Devolution, County Governments and the Private Sector. The National Climate Change Action Plan enhances Kenya’s low carbon climate resilient development.

Global Health

Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare

Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare is a partnership between Moi University School of Medicine, Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, and a consortium of U.S. medical schools led by Indiana University. It was established in 2001 as a successful model of HIV/AIDS control that uses a system-based approach to the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS and closely links clinical care, research, and training. It is currently Kenya’s largest and most comprehensive HIV/AIDS care program. It has enrolled over 160,000 HIV patients throughout Western region of Kenya.

APHIA (AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance Program) Plus Imarisha

AIDS, Population and Health Integrated Assistance Plus IMARISHA (Integrated Marginal Arid Regions Innovative Socialized Health Approach) is a five-year activity designed to sustainably improve the health of communities in the Northern Arid Lands of Kenya by delivering integrated health services and household and community economic strengthening interventions. The activity works to strengthen Government of Kenya systems and engage local communities through local implementing partners and cultural leaders to spearhead the adoption of healthy behaviors and the dismantling of retrogressive cultural practices.

Funzo Kenya

FUNZOKenya is supporting the Government of Kenya’s efforts to make dramatic changes to its health worker education and training systems. “Funzo” means training in Kiswahili, and the activity works across the public and private sectors to strengthen pre-service education of health workers, increase the number of health workers graduating from Kenya’s medical training institutions, improve access to training for existing health workers, and link professional licensing to ongoing professional development. The activity is initiating public-private partnerships that are increasing available funding for health worker training and professional development.

Inuka Community-Based Orphans and Vulnerable Children Project

The USAID Inuka Community-Based Orphans and Vulnerable Children Project works to improve the overall wellbeing of orphans and vulnerable children, and their households. The project partners with non-governmental, faith and community-based organizations and relevant Government of Kenya Ministries, including the Ministries of Labor, Social Security and Services, Health, Education, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.

Measure Evaluation - Pima

Measure Evaluation-Pima (Pima means “to measure” in Kiswahili) builds sustainable monitoring and evaluation (M&E) capacity for Kenyan health officials to support evidence-based decision making that furthers policy formulation and improves health systems and outcomes.  Measure Evaluation-Pima works with Kenya’s Ministry of Health to identify and respond to information needs at the national and sub-national levels.

Nilende Orphans and Vulnerable Children

The purpose of Nilinde project is to improve welfare and protection of children affected by HIV/AIDS. Activities will include building capacity of households to provide for children under their care; strengthen social systems and structures to improve support to Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). Nilinde will support creative and innovative evidence-based approaches that strengthen the capacity of caregivers and communities to increase their ability to provide for children’s basic needs.

Tuberculosis Accelerated Response and Care

Tuberculosis (TB) Accelerated Response and Care capitalizes on Kenyan expertise and know-how to significantly reduce the burden of TB in Kenya by 2018.  The activity was designed by the United States Government in close collaboration with Government of Kenya health managers. The activity is implemented by a local Kenyan Non-Governmental Organization, Center for Health Solutions, which is led by qualified Kenyan health professionals who bring local solutions to the Kenyan people.  The activity aims to increase the proportion of TB cases identified and treated to over 95 percent. It is aligned to the health policies and targets set forth in Kenya’s Vision 2030.

Wezesha Project

Wezesha Project mobilizes and expands community-based responses to meet the needs of orphans and vulnerable children.  The activity works with local implementing partners, including non-governmental, faith- and community-based organizations and relevant Government of Kenya Ministries, including the Ministries of Labor, Social Security and Services, Health, Education, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Unsafe or inadequate access to water, sanitation and hygiene has a profound effect on public health around the world. Diarrhea alone kills nearly 2 million people each year, 1.5 million of them children. Nearly 90 percent of diarrhea is attributed to unsafe drinking water, inadequate sanitation, and poor hygiene. WASH-related diseases are the number-one cause of hospitalization and mortality for children under five. More than 50 percent of all hospital visits in Kenya result from illnesses related to water, sanitation and hygiene.

Kenya Integrated Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (KIWASH)

KIWASH will combine nutrition programming with improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). KIWASH aims to enable more than one million Kenyans across nine counties to gain access to improved WASH services and increase access to irrigation and nutrition services.

Related Topics

East and Central Africa Food Assistance Fact Sheet

The Regional Office of Food for Peace (FFP) supports or directly manages food assistance operations in 14 countries in East and Central Africa. Humanitarian needs - specifically food insecurity - in this region have been rising at an unprecedented rate due to cyclical drought, political insecurity, prolonged conflicts, environmental degradation, and disease outbreaks. In the one year period ending August 2016, the number of people facing crisis- and emergency-levels of food insecurity in the region has doubled from 12 million to 24 million and the number of refugees in the region had risen to 3.6 million.