Tuesday, June 12 - Addressing Critical Challenges of Development

Frontiers in Development

8:30 Welcome
Steve Radelet
Chief Economist, USAID

8:35 Introduction
Rajiv Shah

8:40 Opening Remarks
Judith Rodin
President of the Rockefeller Foundation

8:50 DevTalk
Aydogan Ozcan, Associate Professor at University California of Los Angeles; Inventor of LUCAS
Nathan Wolfe, Founder and Director of Global Viral Forecasting Initiative

9:00 Equitable Delivery of Health Services
Moderator: Lincoln Chen, President of China Medical Board, USA
The Honorable John Kufuor, Former President of the Republic of Ghana; Former Chairperson of the African Union
Walter Gwenigale, Minister of Health of Liberia
Julio Frenk, Dean, Harvard School of Public Health
Ariel Pablos-Mendez, Assistant Administrator for Global Health, USAID

Major themes of this session will discuss the dynamics of health financing in context of rapid developing country economic growth, increased domestic affordability of health services, high out-of-pocket spending, and the crowding out of ODA and shifts in levels and sources. The session aims to support systems for increasing health coverage as an achievable post-MDG agenda item to achieve OECD levels of child deaths and an AIDS-free generation.  Some questions include: Does ODA “crowd-out” domestic health financing? What policy reforms are required to reduce high out-of-pocket health expenditures? Where do we have good examples of countries moving to more sustainable health financing systems in low income settings, and what are the lessons learned (including how to garner political will/support for policy reform)? What role do donors play in reforming financing systems?

10:00 Conversation: Mobile Financial Services
Vikram Pandit, CEO of Citigroup
Rajiv Shah, Administrator, USAID

10:20 Mobile Technology Solutions
Moderator: Cecilia Kang, Technology Reporter for the Washington Post
Matthew Kirk, Director of External Affairs of Vodafone; Former British Diplomatic Service Member
Jay Collins, Vice Chairman of Global Banking for Citigroup
Bruce McNamer, CEO of Technoserve
Samuel Agutu, CEO and Founder of Changamka Microhealth

This session will focus discussion on ways technology is a catalyst for development. In what ways can the development community find and support breakthrough solutions to the world's most important development challenges—interventions with the power to change millions of lives at a fraction of the usual cost? What might some of those interventions look like? What is the role of evaluation in identifying new technology, and what methods and platforms are useful to scales those activities? What are the biggest barriers to expanding the use of mobile technology solutions to the very poor?

11:00 Break

11:30 DevTalk: Mobile Gaming
Asi Burak, Games for Change
Anne Shongwe, Founder and CEO of Afroes Transformational Multi-Media and Consulting

11:45 Conversation: Collaborating on Innovative Solutions for Accessible Healthcare
Sir Andrew Witty, CEO at GlaxoSmithKline
Rajiv Shah, Administrator, USAID

12:15 Keynote Address
The Honorable Joyce Banda
President of Malawi

12:40 Luncheon Commences
Healy Lawn

1:35 DevTalk
David Auerbach, Co-founder of Sanergy
Raj Kundra, Deputy Chief Investment Officer at Acumen Fund
Timothy Prewitt, Chemonics

1:50 Pressures on the Planet: Major Trends in Climate Change, Food Security, and Population
Moderator: Juliet Eilperin, Environmental Reporter for the Washington Post
The Honorable Mary Robinson, Founder of Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative; Former President of Ireland
Eleni Gabre-Madhin, CEO of the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange
Paul Collier, Director of the Centre for the Study of African Economies at Oxford University
Paul Weisenfeld, Assistant to the Administrator, Bureau for Food Security, USAID

By 2050, the global population is expected to increase to more than nine billion, requiring up to a 70 percent increase in agricultural production and a doubling of water needs for agriculture.  These trends and others will be highlighted in this session that will examine opportunities and tensions related to the intersection of climate change, food security, and population.  What do recent increases in urban populations mean for resource demand and our current global approach to resource management? Specifically, pertaining to sustainable development and long-term economic growth?  Given the importance of the global economy to resource decisions, how might the natural resources (water, clean air, biodiversity, etc.) already tied to essential human services be better valued by our economic system?  How might we better calculate an appropriate cost for their degradation?  What are methods for greening production chains – particularly in developing countries where markets can be more opaque? Can we tackle questions of resource demand without discussing rapidly increasing populations?

2:50 Break

3:20 Pressures on the Planet: Food Security in an Increasingly Complex Ecosystem
Moderator: Frank Sesno, Director of the School of Media and Public Affairs at The George Washington University; Creator and Host, Planet Forward
Judith Rodin, President of the Rockefeller Foundation
Chris Policinski, President and CEO of Land O’Lakes
Calestous Juma, Professor at Harvard University
James Boomgard, President and CEO of DAI

After examining the major trends on the horizon, this panel will delve more deeply into the specific challenge of increasing food production while sustaining ecosystem function, addressing linkages between markets, food access and food availability from a developing country perspective.  The role of innovation and markets in addressing challenges of climate change, population, and energy in meeting the food gap will be highlighted, as well as the impacts on small-holder African farmers. What role does analysis of ecosystem function currently play in efforts to increase agricultural productivity?  What role does water and natural resource management play?  Have policies or practices to this end shifted as a result of climate change?  What is the role for sustainable Intensification?

4:20 Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development
Rajiv Shah, Administrator, USAID
Gunilla Carlsson, Swedish Minister for International Development Cooperation, Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Kathleen Merrigan, Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Kathleen Rogers, President of the Earth Day Network
David Mohler, Chief Technology Officer of Duke Energy
Frank Sesno, Director of the School of Media and Public Affairs at The George Washington University; Creator and Host, Planet Forward

Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development is a multi-year initiative focused on increasing food security and driving economic growth in the developing world through effective and affordable clean energy solutions for farmers. This effort aims to bring renewable energy technologies to all points in the agricultural value chain, including on-farm uses like water pumping, cold storage to decrease post-harvest loss, and value-added processing like grinding or drying.  USAID has been joined in these efforts by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), Duke Energy, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), and the African Development Bank and through the Powering Agriculture Energy Grand Challenge, USAID and its partners invite innovators to help find the clean energy solutions that will empower farmers and help transform agriculture in the developing world.